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Topic 1. Impacts of marine pollution on biodiversity and coastal livelihoods (MABICO)

This project aims to assess threats to marine resources and biodiversity arising from pollution, resulting impacts on human health and food security, and strategies to reduce the vulnerability of coastal communities to biodiversity loss and pollution and to improve the sustainable use of marine resources.

Over 50 million people are directly depending on coastal resources in Indonesia. Pollution has a severe impact onto the livelihoods of coastal communities, influencing natural habitats and marine biodiversity. This can have serious consequences for food security and the sustainable use of marine coastal ecosystems. Seafood can also be naturally affected by marine biota, such as parasitic organisms and other pathogens. There is an urgent need to explore and quantify the negative effects of anthropogenic pollution on coastal and marine resources, including the identification of problematic organisms affecting food quality. This also requires an understanding of the use and importance of marine living resources for local communities and the international markets.
In response to these challenges, this project constitutes an interdisciplinary and comprehensive approach aimed at improving our knowledge on pollutant transport and dispersal, contaminant burden, bacterial and parasite biodiversity, drivers of spatial variability in aquatic resources, the physiological responses of economically important species to different stressors, and food security and seafood use by local communities. It focuses mainly on Jakarta Bay, an area heavily influenced by the large metropolitan area of Jakarta with over 20 million inhabitants, and includes comparative assessments carried out at locations in central and eastern Indonesia (e.g., Sulawesi and Bali).

The improvement of food security and sustainable livelihoods for 50 million Indonesian coastal inhabitants is a national priority identified in Indonesian policies such as the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) National Plan of Action and the Manado Ocean Declaration. Working towards this aim, the project comprises six complementary research subprojects, with bilateral contributions. An additional subproject on capacity building integrates contributions from all project partners to develop an interdisciplinary training course on pollution and food security for Indonesian and German participants. It supports the development of the necessary capacity to diagnose and address threats for biodiversity and food security arising from coastal and marine pollution in Indonesia beyond the completion of the SPICE program.

Subproject 1
Microbial biodiversity in fish and shellfish under pollutant conditions in Jakarta Bay
Subproject 2
Modelling the dispersion of pollutants in relation to microalgae blooms and fish contamination in Jakarta Bay
Subproject 3
Effect of environmental stressors on the ecophysiology of marine organisms
Subproject 4
Impact of fish parasites on food safety, and its relationship to marine pollution
Subproject 5
Sources and risks of organic contaminant and heavy metal burden in seafood from Jakarta Bay
Subproject 6
Coastal livelihoods and food security
Subproject 7
Capacity building for the assessment of the impacts of marine pollution on biodiversity and coastal livelihoods


in Germany


Dr. Andreas Kunzmann
Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT)
Fahrenheitstr. 6
28359 Bremen


in Indonesia


Dr. Singgih Wibowo
Research Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnology Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP)